PROCESS TO MAKE VEGETABLE MANURE BY FERMENTATION.
Union is strength.
To lose nothing is economy.
By George Bommer
Article First.—Of Saturated Water.
Saturated water, such as we desire, is to be met with at almost every step in the country. It is simply water in which vegetable and animal matters have been suffered to decompose and rot. Pure water, in case of need, may serve your purpose; but as it is so easy to make this saturated water, and as it contributes so much to the decomposition and good quality of the manure, we recommend to farmers not to begrudge the trifling labor required in its preparation, and always to employ it in preference to pure water.
The first thing to be done is to be prepare a convenient reservoir to contain a sufficient quantity of the liquid. We employ for this purpose, hogshoads, vats, or small ponds. In case there are none of these at hand, a common ditch may be dug of sufficient size, the bottom and sides of which should be beaten so as to prevent the loss of water by filtration If, notwithstanding these precautions, the toil will not retain the water, an old rank of the largest size, with one head I knocked out and buried to the brim, will answer every purpose.
After a time, when tho farmer is convinced of the utility of this method, he will find it to his advantage to establish permanent reservoirs. These reservoirs should be so placed that the water may flow into them freely. Into these reservoirs may be thrown all easily-decaying vegetable or animal substances, such as weeds growing on the banks of ditches and around houses, the remains of dead animals, urine, sweepings
of the house, slops of the kitchen, and similar materials. Add to this liquid about a pint of quick-lime to every barrel of water. From time to time, stir up the whole from its depth with a long pole,* and fermentation will soon commence.
The necessary time for this water to acquire all its qualities, varies according to the quantity and nature of the material which may be put into it, and according to the temperature of the air. It may arrive at this point in about eight days, while at other times three weeks, or even a month, are necessary.
The only rule which you have to observe in this respect, is, that the water shall be in full fermentation, and as highly charged as possible with the materials which you have put into it. After all, too much importance should not be attached to the perfect preparation of this liquid; it is only one of the means of making the manure with the more despatch and economy.
It frequently happens that the farmer finds this saturated water already made: the stagnant and corrupt water in ditches and ponds on tho farm, or near it—all low spots where water gathers and stagnates, will furnish a saturated water of excellent quality. Saturated water serves to temper the materials which compose the lye, and to feed them.
* For this purpose, a handle inserted in the half round of a little barrel head will make an instrument that will amply repay its cost.
Here is the original 1845 page:
Check out this video on adding horse manure to the garden:
- Bommer Method for Making Manure – By George Bommer – 1845
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